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Friday, 15 November 2019

How Cardiovascular Disease affects Women; Signs and How to Prevent Heart attack


Heart disease is generally used to denote the many types of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease as well as heart attack.
Erroneously though heart disease is sometimes seen as a man’s disease, but statistics show that for example, almost as many women as men have their lives cut short every year as a result of heart disease. Although in Nigeria, experts lament the extreme shortage of verifiable data regarding this health issue. Women also need to be aware of a lot of things regarding how their health/ lifestyle affects their heart.



How are women affected?

Due to the higher level of awareness over the past decades however, it has been understood that just a little more than half of women now know that heart disease is a major killer among their population.
Thus it becomes very important that women should be aware of the following facts revealed by experts concerning their health as it relates to their heart:
  • Heart disease is the leading cause of death for women in the United States, killing 299,578 women in 2017 which equals to about 1 in every 5 female deaths.
  • Heart disease is the leading cause of death for African Americans and white women in the United States. Among American Indians and Alaska Native women, heart disease and cancer cause roughly the same number of deaths each year. For Hispanic and Asian or Pacific Islander women, heart disease is second only to cancer as a cause of death.
  • About 1 in 16 women age 20 and older (6.2%) have coronary heart disease, the most common type of heart disease:
    • About 1 in 16 white women (6.1%), black women (6.5%), and Hispanic women (6%)
    • About 1 in 30 Asian women (3.2%)

Signs and symptoms of heart disease

While some women have no symptoms, others are likely to have
  • Angina (dull and heavy or sharp chest pain or discomfort)
  • Pain in the neck, jaw, or throat
  • Pain in the upper abdomen or back
These symptoms will possibly happen when you are having a rest or when you are partaking in normal daily routine activities. And, women are likely to have other symptoms, such as:
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Tiredness
From time to time heart disease may be “silent” and not diagnosed until you have other symptoms or emergencies such as:
  • Heart attack: Pain in the chest or distress, upper back or pain in the neck, indigestion, heartburn, nausea or vomiting, extreme tiredness, upper body uneasiness, giddiness, and shortness of breath
  • Arrhythmia: Wavering feelings in the chest or palpitations
  • Heart failure: Shortness of breath, tiredness, or swollen feet, ankles, legs, stomach, or neck veins
Experts say if any of these symptoms are observed you should not hesitate to see your doctor.

Healthy eating for healthy heart

Risk factors for heart disease

High blood pressure, high LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, and smoking are important risk factors that may lead to heart disease.
So many other medical conditions and lifestyle choices can as well put you at a higher risk for heart disease, including the followings:
  • Diabetes
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Consumption of unwholesome diet
  • Physical inactivity
  • Too much alcohol consumption
Common signs for a Heart attack coming include:
  • Unusually heavy pressure on the chest, like there’s a ton of weight on you
  • Sharp upper body pain in the neck, back, and jaw
  • Severe shortness of breath
  • Cold sweats (not hot flashes from menopause)
  • Unusual or unexplained fatigue (tiredness)
  • Unfamiliar dizziness or light-headedness
  • Unexplained nausea (feeling sick to the stomach) or vomiting
Maintain a healthy weight

You can reduce your risk of heart disease

In reducing the possibility of having a heart disease, it’s vital to do the following:
  • Know your blood pressure. Having uncontrolled blood pressure will possibly cause a heart disease. High blood pressure may show no symptoms; therefore it becomes vital to get a regular blood pressure check.
  • Check with your doctor or health care experts on whether you will need a diabetes test done. Uncontrolled diabetes increases your risk of heart disease. 
  • Avoid smoking. If you already smoke, then stop!
  • Think about checking your blood cholesterol and triglycerides 
  • Ensure to eat healthy. Keep a healthy weight also to avoid heart disease. Limit your alcohol consumption per day.
  • Manage your stress levels by discovering healthy ways to cope with all the different pressures of the day.

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