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Thursday, 14 March 2019

How to stay safe and Healthy during Hot weather

These days the intensity of the sun’s rays is kind of intolerable. Even though we are supposed to beheading gradually into the rainy season, it is generally believed by experts that the worldwide climate change may just be responsible for the level of heat experienced these days especially in certain parts of the country such as the northern parts and even Lagos!. Heat, health experts say does come with its health concerns such as the followings.

CSM vaccination (source: Google images)

  • Dehydration, which is dryness resulting from the loss of water or moisture
  • Exhaustion, accompanied by heavy sweating, rapid breathing and a fast, weak pulse.
  • Heat stroke - collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
  • Heat cramps - muscle pains that happen during heavy exercise in hot weather.
Other health problems and symptoms associated with heat include: dry skin, rapid, strong pulse and dizziness; Heat rash - Skin irritation from excessive sweating.
It has been observed that in times of extreme heat, it is the elderly people, especially those who live alone that are mostly adversely affected. Also, little children can be exposed to serious health dangers during hot weather if not closely monitored, experts say.

(source: Google images)

Other categories of people who may have problems during heat periods include:
  • Sick people – not being able to easily move around
  • Pregnant women as well as nursing mothers
  • People who are over weight
  • Foreigners just coming from abroad (cold climates)
  • Outdoor workers or people working out in the open
In Nigeria cases of body (heat) rashes leading to other serious ailments have been observed. Also Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM) has often been observed as being associated with extreme heat especially in the northern parts. CSM is meningitis caused by bacteria and often can be fatal.

Remedies you can apply to forestall the adverse effects of heat
In relation to especially kids and or in cases of emergency/ exhaustion, Johns Hopkins Primary Care and Sports Medicine expert – Dr. Raj Deu points out what parents can do: He says:
  • “Move to a cool place to rest
  • Remove excess clothing and place cool cloths on ski; fan skin.
  • Give cool sports drinks containing salt and sugar
  • If no improvement or unable to take fluids, take your child to an emergency dept immediately. IV (intravenous) fluid may be needed.”
Guard against exhaustion (source: Google images)

Experts say you can generally also take the following actions to take care of the problems emanating from excessive heat in the atmosphere.

  • Take plenty of water, even if you do not feel thirsty; you can decide to take a bottle along with you everywhere you go.
  • The heat in your vehicle can double in a few minutes. Do not lock up kids or elderly people in the car; it can kill easily.
  • Maintain coolness – take showers; use air-conditioning and dress in light apparels especially cotton materials.
  • Plan your outings to be in the cool parts of the day while refraining from working out in the heat of the day. You may as well put on sun shades and sun hats or face caps.
  • Also, be your brothers’ keeper by ensuring to check up on the elderly while paying special close attention to the little kids all around you.

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